Climate Characteristics of Different UK Regions
Climate Characteristics of Different UK Regions
Talking about the weather is important part of British life. So, what are the characteristics of the climate of the UK? What do prospective international students need to know about British weather before they decide to travel to or to live in a place like London?
Overall, the UK has a temperate climate, which is mild and humid all year around. The weather doesn’t change dramatically within the four seasons: seasonal temperature change is small, and the UK weather is generally neither too hot nor too cold. Depending on where you are, there is a chance of snow in the winter, but it isn’t guaranteed in many parts of the UK; however, even small amounts of snow can cause travel delays. Rain is common in the UK.
Climate Characteristics of England
England’s climate is damp, featuring warm summers and cool winters.
Weather Characteristics of London
London, affected by warm currents from the North Atlantic and westerly winds, has a temperate maritime climate. The seasonal temperature change is slight, with cool summers and warm winters. Humid air and more rain and fog can be expected in autumn and winter. In summer (June to August), the temperature in London is around 18°C and can sometimes go up to 30°C or higher. In the spring (end of March to May) and autumn (September and October), the temperature will remain at about 11 to 15°C. In the winter (November to mid-March), the temperature fluctuates around 6°C. Winter in London rarely brings freezing rain or snow, but the damp and cold air means that people commonly catch colds up to 2-3 times a winter.
Climate Characteristics of York
York enjoys a humid, moderate climate, with warm summers and cool winters. Winter weather can be windy. Nighttime temperatures are significantly colder than during the day, due to York’s lowland location.
Climate Characteristics of Bath
Bath enjoys a year-round moderate and moist climate. The average temperature in January is 4-7°C, and the average temperature in July is 13-17°C. Winters can get frosty. During autumn and winter you can expect to see more rainy and foggy days. The weather is most unpredictable during summer, when the weather can change dramatically throughout the day.
Climate Characteristics of Liverpool
Liverpool has very typical temperate marine climate: the coldest winter will not have a temperature lower than 0°C, and the summers are not very hot. The weather here, like in many other areas in the UK, can be unpredictable, varying between the rain and the sun, wind and the clouds, regardless of the season.
Climate Characteristics of Newcastle
Newcastle's climate is very mild, benefiting from the influence of warm currents from the Gulf of Mexico in the North Atlantic. Newcastle is generally warmer and drier than other parts of the UK.
Climate Characteristics of Leeds
Leeds has a mild sea climate, with four seasons. Spring tends to be sunny, and autumn can be stormy. Leeds is one of the driest cities in the UK, although rain can fall at any point throughout the year.
Climate Characteristics Manchester
Manchester has damp climate, which is mild and rainy all year round. The city's average annual rainfall reaches 809mm, and rainfall duration is long, but features small precipitation intensity; as such, light-to-moderate rain normally lasts longer than one hour. It’s rare that Manchester experiences short, sudden downpours.
Climate Characteristics of Northern Ireland
The whole of Northern Ireland is influenced by a temperate monsoon climate, but it is not unusual for this area to experience persistent cloudy or foggy weather. Northern Ireland has four clearly defined seasons, but the weather can change very rapidly. Weather here is harder to predict than elsewhere in Europe.
Climate Characteristics of Belfast
Belfast enjoys a temperate climate, featuring mild temperatures and rainfall throughout the year. In Belfast, the average temperature in January is about 6.5°C, and the average temperature in July is around 17.5°C. Winters can be especially rainy.
Climate Characteristics of Wales
The Welsh climate is moderate, but can be unpredictable, thanks to the country’s coastline and mountains. The weather here is often cloudy, damp and windy, with mild temperatures. Autumn and winter tend to be on the rainier side. Expect wild and even snowy days in the winter! Average annual temperatures range from 6°C in the winter to 20°C in the summer.
Climate Characteristics of Scotland
Like other countries in the UK, Scotland enjoys a moderate climate, although it can be a bit unpredictable. The regions west of the Highlands are much wetter and windier than the eastern side of Scotland. Scotland is, on average, the coldest country in the UK. It’s actually a great place to go skiing and snowboarding in the UK! Because of its northern latitude, winter days are quite short (getting dark before 4:00pm), but summer days are very long (an extended twilight surpassing 11:00pm in some places).
Climate Characteristics of Edinburgh
Edinburgh has a mild and humid climate. Temperatures generally range from 1-19°C, depending on the season. Edinburgh can be dry and windy during the spring, and September is the wettest month.